Business registration

Public Limited Company Registration

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Overview

A Public Limited Company is a distinct business structure in India, governed by the Companies Act, 2013. Unlike its counterpart, the Private Limited Company (Ltd.), a Public Limited Company can raise capital from the public through an Initial Public Offering (IPO) and have its shares listed on stock exchanges. This grants Public Limited Company several advantages, including easier access to capital, greater public recognition, and potential for increased profitability.
Key Features of a Public Limited Company:

• Limited Liability: Shareholders’ liability is limited to the amount of their investment in the company’s shares.

• Transferable Shares: Shares of a Public Limited Company can be freely bought and sold on stock exchanges, fostering liquidity and investment opportunities.

• Transparency and Disclosure: Public Limited Company are subject to stringent disclosure requirements, ensuring financial transparency and public accountability.

• Board of Directors: A Public Limited Company is governed by a Board of Directors, responsible for overseeing the company’s operations and making major decisions.

Eligibility Criteria for Public Limited Company Incorporation:

• Minimum Share Capital: The authorized share capital of a Public Limited Company must be at least INR 5 lakh.

• Minimum Number of Directors: A Public Limited Company must have at least three directors, with a balanced mix of experience and expertise.

• Minimum Number of Shareholders: A Public Limited Company must have at least seven shareholders, ensuring wider ownership distribution and mitigating risks.

Step-by-Step Guide to Public Limited Company Incorporation:
  • Promoter Group Formation: Assemble a team of individuals or entities who will act as the core shareholders and directors of the Public Limited Company.
  • Name Approval: Obtain approval for the proposed name of the Public Limited Company from the Registrar of Companies (ROC).
  • Digital Signature Certificates (DSCs): Procure DSCs for all directors and subscribers to the Memorandum of Association (MoA).
  •  MoA and Articles of Association (AoA) Preparation: Draft the MoA and AoA, outlining the Public Limited Company’s fundamental structure, governance rules, and operational framework.
  • ROC Filing: Submit the MoA, AoA, and other necessary documents to the ROC for registration and approval.
  • Capital Issue: Issue shares to the subscribers to the MoA and raise the initial share capital as mandated by the Companies Act.
  • Commencement of Business: Obtain a Certificate of Incorporation from the ROC, officially marking the commencement of the Public Limited Company’s business operations.
Moving Forward:

Incorporating a Public Limited Company can be a complex process, but with the right guidance and support, it can be a strategic move for businesses seeking to expand their reach, access new funding avenues, and achieve sustainable growth. CCA’s expertise in Public Limited Company incorporation can help you navigate the process seamlessly, allowing you to focus on building a successful and thriving public company.

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Ultimate Startup Package

Our Ultimate Startup Package Service Include

Rs.21999/

/Including Govt. Fees

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*Fee is inclusive of Government Fee, Out of Pocket Expenses, Professional Fee and GST.
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Rs.23999/

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*Fee is inclusive of Government Fee, Out of Pocket Expenses, Professional Fee and GST.
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Our Ultimate Enterprise Package Service Include

Rs.25999/

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*Fee is inclusive of Government Fee, Out of Pocket Expenses, Professional Fee and GST.
Common Questions

Most Popular Questions

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A Public Limited Company is a type of business entity where shares are publicly traded on a stock exchange. It must have a minimum of seven shareholders and comply with stringent regulatory requirements.

Key features include limited liability, the ability to raise capital from the public, a separate legal entity status, and the requirement of a minimum of three directors.

There is no specific minimum capital requirement for Public Limited Companies. However, it must have an authorized share capital of at least Rs. 5 lakhs.

Public Limited Companies have extensive compliance requirements, including holding annual general meetings, filing financial statements, and complying with SEBI regulations.

The registration process for a Public Limited Company typically takes around 20 to 25 days, depending on the timely submission of documents and government processing.

The key difference lies in the ability to raise capital from the public through an IPO. Additionally, Public Limited Companys are subject to stricter disclosure norms and governance regulations.

Easier access to capital, enhanced brand recognition, potential for higher valuations, and improved liquidity for shareholders are some of the key advantages.

No, a Public Limited Company cannot be privately held. It must offer its shares to the public and comply with the regulations set forth by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Advantages include access to a wider pool of capital, enhanced credibility in the market, better growth prospects, and the ability to attract top talent through stock options.

The Board of Directors is responsible for the overall management and strategic direction of the company, ensuring compliance with laws, and safeguarding the interests of shareholders.

Yes, subject to compliance with regulatory requirements, a Public Limited Company can be converted into a Private Limited Company through a legal process.

Company Avenue Advisory provides expert guidance and support throughout the registration process, from document preparation to filing and compliance, ensuring a smooth and efficient registration experience.

CCA acts as your trusted advisor and partner throughout the incorporation process, providing expert guidance, streamlined procedures, and ensuring timely execution.

Startup registration in India as a public limited company offers numerous advantages, including the ability to raise capital through public offerings, limited liability protection, and enhanced credibility. Registering a startup as a public limited company is a strategic move for entrepreneurs looking to scale their business and attract investment. Understanding the process and benefits of startup registration in India can help in making informed decisions for long-term success.

The process of startup registration in India begins with obtaining a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) and Director Identification Number (DIN) for the proposed directors. These digital identifiers are essential for signing and submitting electronic documents. The next step involves choosing a unique name for the company and obtaining approval from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). It is crucial to ensure that the name is not similar to any existing company or trademark.

Once the name is approved, the incorporation documents, including the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA), must be prepared. The MOA outlines the company’s objectives and scope of operations, while the AOA details the rules and regulations governing the company’s internal management. These documents are filed with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) along with the required forms and fees.

After the ROC reviews and approves the submitted documents, the Certificate of Incorporation is issued. This certificate serves as proof that the company is officially registered and recognized under Indian law. The next steps involve obtaining a Permanent Account Number (PAN), Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN), and registering for Goods and Services Tax (GST) if applicable.

Startup registration in India as a public limited company offers several benefits. Raising capital becomes easier as public limited companies can issue shares to the general public and attract investment from a broader pool of investors. Limited liability protection ensures that the personal assets of the shareholders are not at risk in case of business liabilities. Additionally, being a public limited company enhances credibility and trust among customers, partners, and investors.

Compliance with statutory requirements is crucial for maintaining the benefits of public limited company registration. Regular filings, such as annual returns and financial statements, must be submitted to the ROC. Adhering to these compliance norms not only avoids legal penalties but also enhances the company’s reputation and transparency.

In summary, startup registration in India as a public limited company is a strategic move for entrepreneurs seeking growth and investment. The process involves several steps, each designed to ensure compliance with Indian laws and regulations. The benefits of raising capital, limited liability protection, and enhanced credibility make it a valuable option for startups aiming for long-term success.

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Public limited company registration in India offers businesses the ability to raise capital through public offerings, providing significant growth opportunities. Registering as a public limited company enhances credibility, allows for limited liability protection, and facilitates access to a broader investor base.

 

The registration process for a public limited company in India begins with obtaining Digital Signature Certificates (DSC) and Director Identification Numbers (DIN) for the proposed directors. These digital identifiers are essential for signing and submitting electronic documents. Following this, a unique company name must be chosen and approved by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).

 

Once the company name is approved, incorporation documents, including the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA), need to be prepared. The MOA outlines the company’s objectives and scope of operations, while the AOA details the rules and regulations governing the company’s internal management. These documents are filed with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) along with the required forms and fees.

 

Upon approval of the submitted documents, the Certificate of Incorporation is issued, serving as proof that the company is officially registered under Indian law. Subsequent steps involve obtaining a Permanent Account Number (PAN), Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN), and, if applicable, registering for Goods and Services Tax (GST).

 

Registering as a public limited company in India offers several advantages. It facilitates easier capital raising through the issuance of shares to the public, providing access to a broader pool of investors. Limited liability protection ensures that the personal assets of shareholders are not at risk in case of business liabilities. Moreover, being a public limited company enhances credibility and trust among customers, partners, and investors.

 

Compliance with statutory requirements is essential for maintaining the benefits of public limited company registration. Regular filings, such as annual returns and financial statements, must be submitted to the ROC. Adhering to these compliance norms not only avoids legal penalties but also enhances the company’s reputation and transparency.

 

In summary, public limited company registration in India is a strategic move for businesses seeking growth and investment. The process involves several steps designed to ensure compliance with Indian laws and regulations. The benefits of raising capital, limited liability protection, and enhanced credibility make it a valuable option for businesses aiming for long-term success.

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